These include major changes in the intellectual property space including an expansion of trade mark laws, revisions to patent laws, stronger copyright rules and a greater protection of personal data. These major reforms are part of a series of 40 laws which include updates to existing laws and the introduction of new legislation.
The UAE has firmly cemented itself as a global hub over the last few decades and is taking the natural steps to ensure the diversity and modernisation of its economy. The government has enacted this series of laws in order to move towards an innovation and knowledge-based economy. There is a growing awareness of the importance of intellectual property as the backbone to these types of economies.
Amendments to the trade mark law
Article 2 of the revised trade mark law expands the definition of a trade mark to include a wider range of unconventional marks including engravings, shapes, three dimensional marks, holograms, sounds and smells. This range of unconventional marks will be useful for brand owners operating in the UAE.
The definition is set out by way of a series of examples, which provide useful guidance in understanding what these unconventional trade marks include. We feel Article 2 may need further review in the future and, rather than provide examples of unconventional marks, it may be better to expand the principles around what an unconventional mark is to leave the door open to the inclusion of additional marks in the future.
A major change is the move to multi class trade mark filings, as previously the UAE was a single filing class jurisdiction. We expect this to reduce costs. Another significant change involves licence agreements. It is no longer required to record the licence at the UAE Trade Mark Office and so trade marks owners can now enforce unrecorded trade mark licences. This will prove particularly useful when trade mark owners are required to prove use of a trade mark.
It is also now possible to record an assignment against a pending trade mark application. Previously this could only be done against registered marks.
Cancellation actions for none use will also first be directed to the Ministry of Economy as opposed to the courts.
Provisions have also been included in relation to geographic indications which were absent from the earlier law.
Changes to come
Another significant change is the establishment of the new Grievance Committee. This Committee will be headed by a judge and consist of two local IP experts. This is an important shift as it brings together into one committee technical IP knowledge and the expertise of the judiciary. The decisions from this committee will only be appealable to the Court of Appeal and no longer to the Court of First Instance.
The changes came into effect on 2nd January 2022 and will have a significant impact on brand owners as the UAE moves closer towards an innovation and knowledge-based economy.