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Update on IP laws in Myanmar

Published on 09 Oct 2018 | 3 minute read

The latest progress as Myanmar's proposed IP laws make their way through the Houses

On February 15, 2018, the Amyothar Hluttaw (“Upper House”) of the Parliament of Myanmar adopted the Trademark and Geographical Indication Bill, Industrial Design Bill, Patent Bill and Copyright Bill. This article reviews the latest progress made since last February.


Copyright : almost there …

The Upper House has submitted the Copyright Bill to the Pyithu Hluttaw (“Lower House”) for discussion and vote. The Lower House made some proposed amendments to the Bill and returned it to the Upper House on September 12, 2018. From now, the Upper House will prepare and submit its final comments. The approval process of the Bill by the Parliament has now reached its final stage. It remains unclear whether the Parliament would hold the Copyright Law and wait for other IP Laws or decide to enact the Copyright Law first.

Trademark : on the right track

The Trademark Bill is being reviewed by the Lower House’s Bill Committee. On September 11, 2018 the Yangon School of Political Science organized a workshop in Naypidaw during which the Bill Committee debated the Trademark Bill extensively, inter alia: definition of trademark, penalties and transitional period for refilling marks.

According to the Bill, all marks currently recorded with the Registry of Deeds and Assurance would need to re- applied when the new law enters into force, otherwise they won’t be valid. This is according to Section 92 of the Bill, “The trademark owner who has registered at the Office of Registrar of Deeds and Assurances in accord with the Registration Act before this law is coming into force, desirous of enjoying the rights of the registration of mark, shall file an application in accord with this law to get the rights of registered mark.” The Lower House considers adding a transitional period of 3 or 6 months to the Bill for trademark owners to re-apply their marks.

According to the Bill, the salient features are summarized as follows:

  • One of the most important features is that Myanmar will now apply the first-to-file rule instead of the first-to-use rule as in the past. In other words, the mark will belong to the person who applies for it first and not to the one who started using it first
  • Registrable marks would include trade mark, service mark, collective and certification marks and possibly three dimensional marks (i.e. product shape)
  • Geographical indications (e.g. Champagne) will be protected through registration;
  • Opposition and cancellation actions against conflicting marks would be available;
  • Well-known marks would be protected against misuses;
  • Priority and exhibition rights would be available;
  • There is no procedure for automatically re-registering marks which are recorded under the current system. Therefore, all marks currently recorded would need to be re-filed and examined once the new law enters into force in order to gain protection in Myanmar;
  • There is no provision addressing potential conflicts between marks which are recorded under the current system and/or used in Myanmar and marks which would be registered once the new law is enacted, which is likely to cause legal uncertainty;
  • Remedies for enforcement would be administrative (customs) and criminal

Patent and design: be a bit patient

Patent and design bills are making less progress however they should soon follow the same pathway of the copyright and trademark bills. The 1946 Patents and Designs (Emergencies Provisions) Act, although it is obsolete, remains on Myanmar’s statute books because its purpose is to apply to the Indian Patents and Designs Act ("IPDA") of 1911. Since the IPDA was never listed in the Myanmar Codes, there is no enforceable patent and design law in Myanmar. The Upper House of the Myanmar parliament voted in favor of the Patent and design Bills on February 15, 2018. However, the bills will not pass into law until they are approved by the Lower House which may take some time. According to the Patent Bill, patents would be enforceable either through a civil action or a criminal action (misleading use of the term “granted patent” for unpatented inventions).

We see good chances both Copyright and Trademark laws will be enacted within this year, eventually at the next session of the parliament which will be announced in October 2018. Meanwhile, companies should start  developing strategies to protect their IPRs in light of major changes these new laws will bring to the IP landscape.

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Principal, Head of Patent Group and Head of Climate Change Group
+662 028 2244
Principal, Head of Patent Group and Head of Climate Change Group
+662 028 2244